【鼓浪屿申遗成功】_鼓浪屿申遗成功将考验管理智慧 [Gulangyu Islet] _ Gulangyu Islet World Heritage inscription success will test the wisdom of management-火锅店吃出创可贴

第41届世界遗产大会目前正在波兰历史文化名城克拉科夫举办,在当地时间7月8日的会议上,中国申遗项目——“鼓浪屿国际历史社区”通过了世界遗产大会的终审,成功列入世界文化遗产名录,成为中国第52项世界遗产项目。至此,中国的世界遗产总数已名列世界第一。   鼓浪屿申遗成功,也使中国的世界遗产总数名列世界第一,可喜可贺。但申遗成功之后则要面临着如何“限流”,这考验着管理智慧,只是不知道鼓浪屿能否交出一份完美的答卷? 任何地方的申遗成功之后,游客会急增,恐怕鼓浪屿也不例外。据了解,近年来,鼓浪屿游客数量急剧攀升。2009年的游客数量为575万人次,2014年,已达到1246万人次。游客多,这对于风景区来说,是好事,而鼓浪屿申遗成功之后,游客肯定会更多,毕竟世界文化遗产称号是吸引游客最好的金字招牌。每一个风景区均有一定的游客承载量。虽然从目前情况来看,游客数量对于鼓浪屿的历史建筑尚未产生负面影响,但对于环境水平造成了负面影响。国际古迹遗址理事会认为,游客数量对于岛上有形资产和环境是重大威胁,特别是在假期和旺季。根据相关报告显示,鼓浪屿每日容纳人数最多达到5万人,其中包括1.5万居民和通勤者,因此,每日可接纳游客数量实际为3.5万人。游客和通勤者最为合宜的数量是2.5万人。显然,当地政府和旅游部门对这一数字必须要保持敏感度。国际古迹遗址理事会认为,有效的旅游管理是保持文化遗产完整性的关键因素。那么当地旅游部门如何限游客呢? “限流”的招术似乎不少,最有效的可能是提高门票价格。但用门票来吓退游客,这显然不是好办法,也是旅游最为忌讳的。限游客,要限得让游客舒服。外地游客远道而来,远来的都是朋友,将游客挡在门外,是因为保护风景区的需要,这一点游客也是可以理解的。但用涨门票的招式就不行。 在我看来,限游客,一方面要做好“信息服务”,现在是“互联网+”时代,游客买票都可以在网上进行,因此,风景区是否有门票可售,已经卖出去多少了,这些信息均可以在网上查询得到,这样游客不用跑到风景区才知道自己今天是进不去了。信息公开了,游客就方便了,更会觉得舒坦,另一方面也要提倡当地市民让道,提倡在旅游旺季的时候让给外地游客,同时,还要杜绝“黄牛”,以及一些利用不法手段进入景区的行为。 鼓浪屿申遗成功之后必然要“限流”,要“控游客”,但如何“控”和“限”,则要考验管理者的管理智慧。 The forty-first session of the World Heritage Committee is currently in Poland historical and cultural city of Krakow held in July 8th local time of the meeting, Chinese inscription project – "Gulangyu Islet international community history" by the world heritage Conference final, successfully inscribed on the world heritage list, become the fifty-second world heritage project Chinese. So far, China’s total number of world heritage has ranked first in the world. Gulangyu Islet world heritage, also make the total number of World Heritage China ranked first in the world, gratifying. But after the success of the inscription, it will have to face "how to limit the flow", which tests the wisdom of management, but do not know whether Gulangyu Islet will hand over a perfect answer sheet After the successful declaration of any place, visitors will hurry up, I’m afraid Gulangyu Islet is no exception. It is understood that in recent years, the number of visitors to Gulangyu Islet has risen sharply. In 2009, the number of tourists was 5 million 750 thousand, and in 2014 it reached 12 million 460 thousand. This is a good thing for the tourists, scenic area, the Gulangyu Islet, and after the inscription success, tourists will certainly be more, after all, the title of world cultural heritage is to attract tourists to the best of a gilded signboard. Each scenic spot has a certain amount of tourists carrying capacity. Although from the current situation, the number of tourists has not yet had a negative impact on Gulangyu Islet’s historic buildings, but it has a negative impact on the environmental level. The international monuments and monuments Council believes that the number of visitors is a major threat to the island’s tangible assets and the environment, especially during holidays and peak seasons. According to the relevant reports, Gulangyu Islet has the largest number of people per day, reaching 50 thousand people, including 15 thousand residents and commuters, so the number of visitors per day is actually 35 thousand. The most appropriate number of tourists and commuters is 25 thousand. Obviously, the local government and the tourism sector must be sensitive to this number. The international monuments and monuments Council believes that effective tourism management is a key factor in preserving the integrity of cultural heritage. Then, how can the local tourist department limit tourists? "Limiting" trick seems to be many, the most effective is likely to raise ticket prices. But with tickets to scare the tourists, this is clearly not a good way to travel, is the most taboo. Limit visitors, visitors must be limited to comfort. Tourists from all over the world come from afar, all of them are friends, and the tourists are blocked out because of the need to protect the scenic spots. This is understandable for tourists. But with the move up tickets can not do. In my opinion, the tourists, on the one hand to do "information services" is now "Internet plus" era, tourists tickets can be so, on the Internet, whether there are scenic tickets available for sale, has been sold to many, these information are available at the web, so that visitors do not go to the scenic area only know oneself is not to go today. Public information, tourists more convenient, will feel comfortable, on the other hand, but also to promote the local people to advocate, in the tourist season to foreign tourists, at the same time, but also eliminate the "cattle", and some use of illegal means to enter the scenic area. Gulangyu Islet inscription after the success of the inevitable "limit flow", "to control tourists", but how to "control" and "limit", it is necessary to test the management of the wisdom of managers.相关的主题文章: