The 13th Five-Year plan ready to reform will be the new people’s livelihood-ca1805

The 13th Five-Year plan ready livelihood reform will the new "13th Five-Year" plan to the people’s livelihood reform will be a new economic observer reporter Chang Yun down   the concern of the "13th Five-Year plan" has entered the final stage to revise and improve. According to experts, close to the national development and Reform Commission introduced in November last year after the Central Committee issued the "13th Five-Year" planning proposal, the State Council set up a "13th Five-Year" plan for the preparation of the draft work leading group, and headed by Premier Li Keqiang. In late January, the NPC Financial and Economic Committee has conducted a preliminary review of the "13th Five-Year" plan draft, "Development Planning Committee of experts in 13th Five-Year" countries are also studied on the "13th Five-Year plan draft, forming a complete demonstration report. After the final implementation of the relevant procedures, the State Council will submit the above draft outline to the National People’s Congress for deliberation and discussion in March, and will be officially released. The Economic Observer learned in space, "13th Five-Year" plan is "two times 13th Five-Year" plan, there are about more than 40 thousand words; in the content, "13th Five-Year" plan is put forward to the "13th Five-Year" plan of the guiding ideology, basic requirements, the main objectives and tasks, the specific deployment and refinement. The rapid growth in 13th Five-Year before the establishment of the State Council "plan for the preparation of the draft work leading group, the national development and Reform Commission has completed the basic ideas of" 13th Five-Year "plan, the finance office completed the" 13th Five-Year "planning advice, close to the national development and Reform Commission the expert told the Economic Observer reported, the two important documents are the basis of the formation of" 13th Five-Year "planning outline; in the content, should follow from the basic idea of" "to" suggestions ", and finally to the" Outline "principle. Has released "13th Five-Year" planning recommendations, 2016 ~2020, in the completion of a comprehensive well-off society based on the requirements of Chinese economy to maintain the rapid growth of per capita income in 2020 GDP and urban and rural residents have more than doubled in 2010. The control objectives and requirements, China future 5 year’s annual economic growth rate of the bottom line is 6.5%, which, from the central leaders to the various ministries, and experts and scholars to participate in the preparation of 45 plan, has now reached a consensus. Close to the aforementioned NDRC expert analysis, 2010 Chinese GDP total amount is 40 trillion and 150 billion yuan, per capita net income of farmers nationwide is 19109 yuan is 5919 yuan, the disposable income of urban residents, according to the requirements of the 2020 "double", in the "13th Five-Year" period, China economy must maintain rapid growth is the average annual growth rate not less than 6.5%, otherwise, 2020 than 2010 "doubling" target is difficult to achieve, at the same time, there will be a series of problems of government financial income and employment difficulties. In the two goals of "turning over", Yang Weimin, deputy director of the central finance and economics leading group office, vice chairman of the China International Economic Exchange Center, Zheng Xinli, believes that to realize the per capita income of urban and rural residents 十三五规划纲要呼之欲出 民生领域改革将出新政   “十三五”规划纲要呼之欲出 民生领域改革将出新政   经济观察报 记者 降蕴彰  备受关注的“十三五”规划纲要已进入最后修改完善阶段。   据接近国家发改委的专家介绍,在去年11月中央发布“十三五”规划建议之后,国务院就成立了“十三五”规划纲要草案编制工作领导小组,并由国务院总理李克强担任组长。1月下旬,全国人大财经委已对“十三五”规划纲要草案进行了初步审查,“十三五”国家发展规划专家委员会也对“十三五”规划纲要草案进行了论证,形成了完整的论证报告。   最终履行完相关程序后,国务院将在3月全国两会上将上述纲要草案提交全国人大讨论审议,之后才会正式对外发布。   经济观察报获悉,在篇幅上,“十三五”规划纲要是“十三五”规划建议的两倍,大约有4万多字;在内容上,“十三五”规划纲要是对“十三五”规划建议提出的指导思想、基本要求、主要目标和任务,进行具体的部署和细化。   中高速增长   在国务院成立“十三五”规划纲要草案编制工作领导小组之前,国家发改委已经完成了“十三五”规划基本思路,中财办完成了“十三五”规划建议,前述接近国家发改委的专家告诉经济观察报,这两份重要文件都是形成“十三五”规划纲要的基础;在内容上,要遵循从“基本思路”到“建议”,再到最终“纲要”的原则。   已经发布的“十三五”规划建议中提出,2016年~2020年,在全面建成小康社会目标要求的基础上,中国经济要保持中高速增长,到2020年国内生产总值和城乡居民人均收入都要比2010年翻一番。对照这个目标要求,中国未来5年的年均经济增速的底线是6.5%,这方面,从中央高层到各部委,再到参与编制“十三五”规划的专家学者,现在已经达成共识。   前述接近国家发改委专家这样分析,2010年中国GDP总量是40.15万亿元,全国农民人均纯收入是5919元、城镇居民可支配收入是19109元,按照到2020年“翻一番”的目标要求,在“十三五”期间,中国经济必须保持中高速增长,也就是年均增速不能低于6.5%,否则,2020年要比2010年“翻一番”的目标很难实现,同时,还会出现政府财政收入偏低、就业困难等一系列问题。   在“翻一番”的两个既定目标中,中央财经领导小组办公室副主任杨伟民、中国国际经济交流中心副理事长郑新立等专家认为,要实现城乡居民人均收入“翻一番”的目标更重要,也更有难度。杨伟民在公开场合曾表示,在“十三五”期间,一个重要的政策取向是实现居民收入的中高速增长,如果居民收入增长保持不住,将会给社会稳定带来负面影响。   前述接近国家发改委的专家告诉经济观察报,要实现居民收入的中高速增长,就涉及到在收入分配中提高居民收入比重的问题,再进一步分析,就涉及到是降低政府的比重还是降低企业的比重。这方面,在“十二五”规划中,并没有清晰的界定,所以导致现在居民收入在国民收入分配中的比重仍然不断下降。在目前已基本完成的“十三五”规划纲要中,这次可能会给明确的答案。   补齐民生短板   在经济发展目标之外,外界最为关注的是“十三五”规划纲要中的民生领域将会有哪些亮点?这方面,在“十三五”规划建议中已经提出具有宏观性和战略性的诸多发展目标,比如,“完善资助方式,实现家庭经济困难学生资助全覆盖”;“收入差距缩小,中等收入人口比重上升”;“中国现行标准下农村贫困人口实现脱贫,贫困县全部摘帽,解决区域性整体贫困”等。   前述接近国家发改委专家表示,目前,“十三五”规划建议中提出的一些民生政策目标,相关方面已经有了进一步的落实细化,有的政策已经对外公开。比如,对于农村扶贫,中央已经明确,未来将实施精准扶贫、精准脱贫,因人因地施策,提高扶贫实效。扶持生产和就业发展一批、易地搬迁安置一批、生态保护脱贫一批、教育扶贫脱贫一批、低保政策兜底一批,目标是确保7000多万农村贫困人口到2020年如期全部脱贫,所有重点县全部减贫摘帽。   对于人口均衡发展,从2016年开始,中国已开始全面实施一对夫妇可生育两个孩子政策,以此来积极开展应对人口老龄化的挑战。目前中国60岁以上老年人数量已超过2亿人,占总人口的近15%,而且现在每天有2.5万人迈入老年。南开大学人口与发展研究所教授原新认为,全面二胎政策实施对于人口年龄结构有一定的修复作用,还可以改善家庭结构,有利于家庭经济社会功能的发挥。   还有对于很多人关注的就业问题,“十三五”规划建议中就有25次提到“就业”,还特别强调要“促进就业创业,坚持就业优先战略”,足见中央对就业的重视程度。从去年开始,国务院已经制定出台了一系列推进“大众创业、万众创新”的政策措施,例如发展电子商务、高等学校创新创业教育、支持农民工等人员返乡创业等,这些都是“十三五”时期实现积极就业的重要政策途径。   多位专家分析表示,现在外界对治理食品安全、缩小城乡差距等民生问题寄予的期望也很大,“十三五”规划建议中也给出了指导性的意见,但要在未来5年内解决这些问题的难度预计将很大。比如,对于实施食品安全战略,“十三五”规划建议中提出了“社会共治”、“严密高效”8个字,但要真正实现这样的要求,则需要相关部门制定更为详尽的配套政策。   前述接近国家发改委专家补充表示,现在国家发改委等方面正在对“十三五”规划纲要进行补充修改,预计下一步“十三五”规划纲要出台后,相关民生领域的改革战略将会更加明确,而与民生领域改革相配套的一系列新政也将会陆续出台。 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: